What is Melasma?
Melasma is a very common patchy brown, tan facial discolouration usually seen in women around the ages 20-50years old. Although possible, it is uncommon in men.
Who gets Melasma?
People with olive or darker skin have higher incidences of melasma, also people with known family history of melasma has an increased risk of developing melasma. Melasma is more common in young women but it can also occur in men.
Where does Melasma occur?
It usually occurs on the forehead, cheekbones, nose and sometimes jawline.
What causes Melasma?
- Any hormonal changes which leads to higher levels of oestrogen is thought to trigger and aggravate the problem e.g oral contraceptive pills, pregnancy and hormonal replacements.
- Certain medications or creams which when exposed to the sun promote pigmentation.
- Any activities that cause intense heat to the face.
- UVA rays are a stimulant for melanin to develop on the skin.
How can one prevent Melasma?
- Avoid sun exposure by wearing protective clothing and being under shade.
- Daily use of broad-spectrum sunscreen SPF 30 +.
- Use of anti-oxidant as they stop free radicals which cause pigmentation.
Although melasma tends to be a chronic disorder with periods of ups and downs, the prognosis is good for most cases. The clearance also tends to be slow.
At Dermadee Skin Care Centre we do combination of treatments to help improve the appearance of melasma.It is therefore mandatory to consult with the doctor who is experienced with different protocols in treating melasma especially in skin of colour.